Are you wondering what to put in results section of research paper? This guide will help you.
The results section of a research paper is where the author presents the findings of their research. It is an essential part of the research paper, as it showcases the outcomes of the research process and provides proof for the author’s conclusions.
How to write the results of research
Writing a good results section requires careful consideration and planning, as it is essential to present the data with clarity.
Here are some tips on how to write results in a research paper.
- Start with a clear introduction
The results section should begin with a clear introduction that briefly explains the purpose of the study, the research question, and the methodology used to collect the data. The introduction should be concise and to the point, and it should not contain any results.
- Organise the data logically
Organising the data logically is crucial to the readability of the results section. The data should be presented in a logical order, usually from the most important to the least important. A well-organised research results section will make it easier for the reader to understand the findings of the research.
- Use tables and graphs
Tables and graphs are a great way to present data seamlessly. Tables are particularly useful for presenting numerical data, while graphs are great for showing trends or patterns. It is important to ensure that the tables and graphs are easy to read and understand and that they are labelled and titled appropriately.
- Provide detailed descriptions of the data
In addition to presenting the data in tables and graphs, the results in research paper should also include a detailed description of the data. This should include a discussion of any quantitative analyses that were conducted, as well as a description of any valuable findings. Avoid any unnecessary jargon or technical terms.
- Interpret the results
The results section should not just present the data, but also interpret it. The author should explain what the data means and how it relates to the research question.
Here is a research paper results section example, highlighting the key elements that should be included:
In this study, we investigated the effect of caffeine on reaction time. A total of 100 participants were recruited, and they were randomly assigned to either a caffeine or placebo group. The participants then completed a reaction time test, and their results were recorded.
Table 1 presents the mean reaction time for each group, as well as the standard deviation and p-value for the t-test. As shown in the table, the caffeine group had a significantly faster reaction time than the placebo group (t = 2.34, p = 0.03).
Figure 1 shows the distribution of reaction times for each group. As can be seen in the graph, the distribution for the caffeine group is shifted to the left, indicating a faster reaction time.
In interpreting the results, it can be concluded that caffeine has a significant effect on reaction time. This finding is consistent with previous research, which has shown that caffeine can improve cognitive performance.
What goes in the results section of a research paper?
The results section of a research paper should include the following:
The results should be presented objectively, avoiding any personal biases or opinions. The intent is to be objective rather than subjective.
The results section should be concise and to the point, presenting only the data that is relevant to the research question. Terminologies that do not relate to the research should be avoided by all means.
By starting with a clear introduction, organising the data, using tables and graphs, providing detailed descriptions of the data, interpreting the data, and correctly interpreting results, students can write the results section of a research paper. When you follow the tips outlined in this article, authors can organise their results section clearly and concisely, making it easier for the reader to understand the findings of the research.